MUSIC HISTORY FINAL REVIEW - 5/8/2007 3:25:00 AM Middle...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
08/05/2007 02:25:00 Middle Ages (400-1400 AD)     Monks devised system of musical notation and copying (most other people were  illiterate Benedictine Monks (established 547):  Strict code of conduct Woke at 4 am for night office (matins), sang psalms Returned at daybreak, sang another service for God 9 am= MASS, high point of church day, commemorates suffering of Christ  through communion GREGORIAN CHANT: Named for Pope Gregory the Great (540-604) o Gregory wrote little or no Gregorian chant, was more an administrator  than a musician o Gregory decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of  liturgical year Also called  plainsong Unaccompanied vocal music setting sacred Latin texts written for Roman  Catholic church over 15 centuries Sung by churchmen/women from beginning of Christianity till Council of Trent  (1545-1563), which reformed the Church of Rome Has NO METER, irregular rhythms (intended to encourage pious reflection,  not dance)>>>timeless, otherworldly quality Free of tension/drama All voices sing in UNISON>>>MONOPHONIC (music for one line) Male/female voices usually not mixed
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Uniform, monochromatic sound, very little contrast Syllabic singing  (only 1 or 2 notes for each syllable of text) o Often used to segue into  melismatic singing  (many notes sung for  each syllable (happens in Hildegard’s  O Greenest Branch ) Overall effect of peace and serenity, disengages from tensions of world Composers seen not as creators, but rather conduits for the voice of God CATHEDRAL MUSIC (1150-1350 = Age of Cathedrals) Monastery was rural establishment, solitary, Cathedral was urban counterpart During 12 th  and 13 th  centuries populations of European urban centers (Milan,  Paris, London, etc) grew because of trade and commerce o Wealth from this growth channeled toward cathedral construction Cathedrals acted as churches/seats of bishops but doubled as civic  auditoriums Gothic architecture started in France, radiated out to England, Spain, Italy,  Germany, as far as Christian parts of Near East France was also important intellectual/artistic center at this time, Paris was  leading university town in Europe for arts and theology, spread teachings of  Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas to foreign scholars Cathedral of  Notre Dame  (Our Lady) of Paris  spread musical influence in a  similar way o Notre Dame started in 1160’s, completed over 100 years later o Inhabited by churchmen who were also philosophers, poets,  MUSICIANS Master Leoninus (1169-1201) was among them, as was Master 
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course MUSC 102 taught by Professor Sanders during the Spring '08 term at Kenyon.

Page1 / 28

MUSIC HISTORY FINAL REVIEW - 5/8/2007 3:25:00 AM Middle...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online