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Unformatted text preview: that can be refuted, a structure of privilege to be given up, again at the local or individual level. Where
liberalism subordinates the issue of racism to the presumed potentialities of individual development, Marxism subordinates the issue of race to class relations of
struggle, and anti-colonial radicalism pretends its mere existence as a ‘movement’ is the first step toward eradicating racism. But liberalism’s social democracy pretends
that state oligarchy is really interested in justice. And the more radical critiques subsume the issue of racism in promises of future
transformations of the power relations to which de-raation is deferred . This stumbling back and forth between the individual
and the social is even reflected in the social scientific literature on race and racism. Most theorising proceeds by either psychologising intricate political and historical
processes, or by soing questions of subjectivity and agency. The psychologising approach primarily attributes the project of white supremacy to the lurid
preoccupations of (white) individual or collective psychic or biological pathologies. The soing approach reduces white supremacy to ‘mere’ racism, a subsidiary
strategy for the maintenance of social, political, and economic power by the (white) ruling class. Whereas the former locates the genesis of racism in (projected) fear
and anxiety, insecurity or (repressed) desire, the latter claims that the specific pronouncements a...
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- Spring '14