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Unformatted text preview: pitalism placed the African slave trade, the European extermination of indigenous people in the
Americas, and colonialism at its heart. In Capital, Marx writes: The discovery of gold and silver in America , the extirpation, enslavement, and
entombment in mines of the indigenous population of the continent, the beginnings of the conquest and plunder of India, and the
conversion of Africa into a preserve for the commercial hunting of black skins are all things that characterize the
dawn of the era of capitalist production.2 Marx connected his explanation of the role of the slave trade in the rise of
capitalism to the social relations that produced racism against Africans. In Wage Labor and Capital, written twelve years before the American
later, Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray produced The Bell Curve, an 800-page statistics-laden tome that purported to prove innate racial differences in intelligence. Civil War, he explains: What is a Negro slave? A man of the black race. The one explanation is as good as the other. A Negro is a Negro. He only becomes a slave in certain relations. A cotton
spinning jenny is a machine for spinning cotton. It only becomes capita...
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- Spring '14