history exam 1 terms - Columbian Exchange A broad mutual transfer of diseases plants and animals that resulted from the European voyages of the 15 th

history exam 1 terms - Columbian Exchange A broad mutual...

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Columbian Exchange- A broad mutual transfer of diseases, plants, and animals that resulted from the European voyages of the 15 th and 16 th centuries. While many benefited from new mammals, foods, and vegetables, diseases contracted from Europe and Africa, killing countless Native Americans through the exchange. These events forever changed the lives of people in the world, in both good ways and bad. Cahokia- The largest urban area of the Mississippians, also called the City of the Sun, located near modern day St. Louis. The City of the Sun was a focal point for religion and trade. The advanced Cahokians also developed an accurate calendar by reading the sun. At its peak in the 11 th and 12 th centuries CE, the city had a larger population than London. John Winthrop- Winthrop served as the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1629 until his death. One of his most famous sermons, “A Model of Christian Charity,” summarizes the colonies Puritan goal; to work together towards salvation so they may set an example for the rest of the world. He was a highly important figure in the founding and success of the Massachusetts colony and organized the initial Puritan migration to the New World. King Philips War- King Philip’s War proved to be one of the most destructive conflicts in American history. The horrific clash between English settlers and New England Indians, lasting from 1675 to 1676, resulted in the death of eight hundred colonists, and three thousand Natives. Tribes in the New England area clashed with the colonists who invaded their homeland so frequently that by 1675 Kind Philips War appeared inevitable due to the tension existing between the two groups. Indenture- Europeans who migrated to the New World as servants who were bound to work for someone for a certain number of years. Once they served their time, indentures were promised freedom. Often, however, they were mistreated and forced to work much longer than intended. Bacon’s Rebellion- In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon clashed with Virginia’s governor, William Berkley, when Bacon rallied rebellious ex-servants to go to war with Native tribes in order to gain more land. Bacon alternated leading battles against the governor and Indians. The rebels made their strongest point after attacking Jamestown and burning the capitol to the ground. Although the rebellion died down, its actions resulted in England recalling Berkley from his position, a new treaty focusing on land settlement, and most of Virginia’s Indians moving farther west. Tidewater- area of plantation Piedmont- foothill region Puritan Covenant- Documents created in Puritan colonies that established a promise between citizens to be virtuous, obedient, assist each other, and report any sinful behavior. These covenants represented the bond and sense of commitment Puritan’s had towards each other.
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