EALC 1 - EALC-352g October 26, 2006 Confucianism...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EALC-352g October 26, 2006 Confucianism Confucianism, based on the moral, social, political, and filial piety philosophical system, has had tremendously heavy influence on the Chinese civilization throughout the history. It was originated from the teachings by an early sage, Confucius. Confucianism was adopted by the Emperor during the Han Dynasty, promoting the Confucius values for the political system. Analects (also known as Lun Yu) report his view of his own scholarly activity as more historical than philosophical. It has been a collection of fragments of writings deal primarily with individual morality and ethics, also used to properly exercise political power by the rulers. It has been one of the most famous and widely read among all of the Confucian works. In the Chinese culture, one of the oldest values in China is being selflessness according to the Analects. Chinese understandings of self do not entail a strong notion of individuality; to be selfless requires that an individual self first exist, then it can be sacrificed for some higher public interest. Analects 1:14 and 12:1 seems to convey a selfless person is always willing to subordinate his own interests, or that of some small group (like a city or village) to which he belongs to, to the interest of a larger social group. In the above mentioned Analects, Confucian model as a socialism in which individual interests are insignificant, except when they are of service to those of the group. To Confucius, an isolated individual means that some disaster has occurred; the natural and healthy state of human is in social structures. Although he did not teach a clear social-political philosophy, but his teachings signal a set of attitudes about the well-
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ordered society like the Han Dynasty. Confucianism’s conception insists on selfishness in the usual sense that can lead to the loss of self. As Professor Hayden talked about how a greedy person killed someone to take his beautiful jade, and later found another person who has an even nicer jade. One may follow the same routine life and end up loss of oneself because of selfishness. For the most part, Confucianism seems committed to view that people begin from an equal natural ability to acquire and become expert in their ritual roles. All individuals are equal before the law, pattern of human rights, and entitled to equal opportunities; each is one of God’s children, and so on. Analects 1:12 clearly convey the importance of ritual (li) to the Chinese society. The society consists of a ritual structure; to play a role in society is to follow the ritual of that role. When we fill a role, we conform to its li. For instance, father and son, teacher and student, husband and wife are all following a role. From this perspective, ritual is a changeable body of practices for entering, improving,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

EALC 1 - EALC-352g October 26, 2006 Confucianism...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online