Unformatted text preview: that due to its sequence has the right shape for RNA polymerase to bind to and then initiate transcription.
protein gene - any segment of DNA that codes for a functional protein (is a protein recipe).
mRNA - the generic name given to the RNA molecule that results from the transcription of a protein gene.
genetic regulation - the turning on or off of transcription of any gene within a genome.
regulatory protein - the generic name given to any protein that can bind to DNA and influence RNA polymerase's ability to bind to a gene's promoter (and initiate transcription).
tRNA -RNA molecules that play the role of translators during RNA translation. Each tRNA can be loaded with only one type of amino acid and has a unique anticodon.
a change a cell's
point mutation -nitrogenousinbase. DNA sequence due to the substitution of one deoxyribonucleotide with another deoxyribonucleotide having a different
deletion mutation - a change in a cell's DNA sequence due to the loss of one or more of the deoxyribonucleotides.
polyunsaturated fatty acid - fatty acids that contain more than one double bond in their backbone....
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