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10:9 Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Gtgcatggttagc cacgtaccaatcg mutations cannot be

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Unformatted text preview: ils: G U U U C A G C G 5' 3' termination signal promoter C G activated ribonucleotides RNA polymerase a gene 3' 5' G C OH O H H C C HO C H H Take a portion of a DNA molecule and use it to make RNA. RNA (single-sided and of a specific sequence), other stuff promoter: a region of the DNA based on its sequence, has the right shape for RNA polymerase to bind U U A C C O Deoxyribose x C A A CH2 H Vma RNA polymerase HO C and of a specific sequence), DNA transcription other stuff (gene, RNA polymerase) G C C N Thymine Ribose (gene, RNA polymerase) Some details: N C H HO DNA transcription activated ribonucleotides C sugar difference: N activated Some details: ribonucleotides H H C C H Processor form: activated ribonucleotides C H C O H H Uracil Guanine C C H N N H H H H H OH deoxyribo- C C A N C O C C N H C O Adenine C C Cytosine N H ribo- H C C H N H N H H C C base difference: Name and Graphical representation Chemical structure O O O The two structural differences between deoxy- and ribonucleotides Uracil H C N H H Purines (double-ringed bases) Name and Graphical representation O C CH2 C H the four different types Pyrimidines (single-ringed bases) H O H N C N H P O- O H Chemical structure -O HO C OH O U O O H graphical representation C O O Ribose 5' (5-carbon sugar) Chemical structure C C O- P O H O C A C U U C U G A C A G 3' 5' promoter start G 5' 3' C G 3' 5' 5' 3' a gene antisense side 5' 3' gene or sense side a closer look T A A A A A C T T C T G A G A 3' 5' 5' 3' A C 11-5 G T C G A A A A A G G U G A G C C C U T G T G U start of RNA molecule T A T G C C T A T C 3' U G G G C C 5' ribonucleotides: A C G 3' 5' T deoxyribonucleotides: C termination signal U C A 5' 3' T A G a closer antisense side 3' 5' start A G C G signal 3' 5' 5' 3' a gene 3' 5' 5' 3' antisense side 5' 3' 3' 5' gene or sense side a closer look G T A A G U A A G T C T G G A G U G A 5' A C 3' G T G A C A A A A G G C T A G C C C U T G T G U start of RNA molecule T A T G C C T A T A C C C ribonucleotides: A C C T deoxyribonucleotides: U C A T A a closer look G 3' 5' 5' 3' termination signal promoter start 3' 5' 5' 3' release of RNA polymerase 3' and completed RNA molecule Zero x Vma Genetic DNA transcription single-sided activated (gene, RNA polymerase) 5' riboRNARNA molecule (single-sided and of nucleotides regulation: a specific sequence) DNA activated a gene'stranscription (gene, RNA polymerase) sensor RNA ribois its regulatory sequence(single-sided and of nucleotides a specific sequence) x Zero Vma a gene's sensor is...
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