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• Is not prohibited by federal law from receiving a firearm.10
Under federal law, any “qualified retired law enforcement officer” with proper
identification also may carry a concealed firearm.11 The term “qualified retired law
enforcement officer” is defined as an individual who:
• Retired in good standing from service with a public agency as a law enforcement
officer, other than for reasons of mental instability; 8 National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 1999-2005 (2008), at
http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_sy.html.; Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S.
Department of Justice, Crime in the United States, 2006 Expanded Homicide Data Table 14, at
http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2006/offenses/expanded_information/data/shrtable_14.html. A “justifiable
homicide” is defined by the FBI as the killing of a felon, during the commission of a felony, by a private
The effect of permissive CCW laws remains controversial, however. Gun rights advocates claim that
“shall issue” CCW laws are associated with a significant reduction in violent crime. See, e.g., John Lott, Jr.
& David Mustard, Crime, Deterrence and Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns, 26 J. Legal Stud. 1 (1997).
Recent analyses have criticized the methodology and conclusions of these studies. See, e.g., Daniel
Webster & Jens Ludwig, Myths about Defensive Gun Use and Permissive Gun Carry Laws, Berkeley
Media Studies Group (2000); and John J. Donohue, The Impact of Concealed-Carry Laws, in Evaluating
Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence (Jens Ludwig & Philip J. Cook eds., 2003). A 2003 study
concluded that there is no statistical evidence that shall-issue concealed weapons laws reduce crime.
Ian Ayres & John J. Donohue III, Shooting Down the More Guns, Less Crime Hypothesis, Center for the
Study of Law and Society Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program, Papers Presented in the Center for...
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- Spring '14