Exam #3 study guide win 03

Exam#3 study guide - Page 1 of 6 Lifespan Study Guide Test 3 Part 2 Chapter 14 Emotion Attachment What is universally the best indicator of

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Page  1  of  7 Lifespan Study Guide – Test 3, Part 2. What is universally the best indicator of emotional states? o Attachment Theory – the theory of close relationships developed by Bowlby and Ainsworth and grounded in ethological theory (with psychoanalytic theory and cognitive theory); it says that close emotional bonds such as parent-child attachments are biologically based and contribute to species survival. What is discriminating social responsiveness and undiscriminating social responsiveness; at what ages to they occur? o Discriminating social responsiveness – 2-3 through 6 months. – express preference for familiar people. Biggest smiles, happiest, but remain friendly to everyone. o Undiscriminating social responsiveness – Newborn. Responsive to social interaction with anyone. o True attachment (proximity seeking) – 6 months through 3 years. Attach to an individual (within weeks will attach to close others: crawling, crying when they leave, etc) What is social referencing and emotional regulation? o Social Referencing – Infants’ referencing of companions’ emotional reactions in ambiguous situations and use of this information to decide how they should feel and behave. o Emotional Regulation – the process involved in initiating, maintaining, and altering emotional responses. Who are John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, Harry Harlow? o John Bowlby – British psychologist, ethological theory (adaptive value of evolved species behavior), psychoanalytic (importance of mother/child relationship), cognitive (expectations of self and other), Attachment (affectional tie). o Mary Ainsworth – Student of Bowlby, American developmental psychologist, devised strange situation test, attachment theory. o Harry Harlow – monkeys. Contact comfort (spent more time on cloth mother) is more important. Challenged learning theory of attachment, demonstrated importance of exploration.
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Page  2  of  7 Define attachment, separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, ‘secure base’ for exploration. o Attachment – a strong affectional tie that binds a person to an intimate companion and is characterized by affection and a desire to maintain proximity. o Separation anxiety – a wary or fretful reaction that infants display when separated from their attachment objects. o Stranger anxiety – a wary or fretful reaction that infants often display when approached by an unfamiliar person. o ‘secure base’ for exploration – a point of safety, represented by an infant’s attachment figure, that permits exploration of the environment. What are the 3 parenting behaviors that contribute to a secure attachment? o
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course PSY 3341 taught by Professor Michalski during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Exam#3 study guide - Page 1 of 6 Lifespan Study Guide Test 3 Part 2 Chapter 14 Emotion Attachment What is universally the best indicator of

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