Health and Gender

Childhoodschool age investment in girls education may

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Unformatted text preview: afficking adoption Evidence of change: (Japan/China) Girls more valued as caretakers in old age. Demographic concerns: Distorted sex ratios: Sex ratios should be 106 males to 100 females In china and India, 115- 120 males for every 100 females `societal concerns: “sharp competition for marriage among males, could result in swindling and selling women and result in unstable family relations” “emerging class of young single men and resultant rising crime and instability.” Childhood/school age: “Investment in girls’ education may well be the highest return investment available to the developing world” L. Summers, world bank economist FGM Rather spend costs of books, uniform, etc. on boys than girls. spillover effects: direct link between girls’ education and maternal mortality rates, total fertility rates, infant mortality rates Improved sanitation practices A changing preference: “girls want to go to school, and parents are beginning to want them to attend.” “enrollment suggests greater male- female parity however; enrollment does not necessarily mean attendance discrepancies in literacy persist. Encouraging attendance: Providing a meal Provide transportation to school Monetary incentives Eliminate school fees Subsidizing books and uniforms – avoid “sugar daddies” Reduce domestic burden of l...
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