Brazil and Nigeria

Not many were trained by british fear of egypt

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Unformatted text preview: center versus the periphery Fragmented elites vs. the masses Elites not nationalistic Class politics emerged with industrialization and economic growth forcing leaders to adopt populist economic programs How did south korea stop the growth of class politics as industrialization and rapidly increasing GDP emerged? Compare with Other third world countries: 1) the State 2) state- led development 3( development strategy 4) populism or alliance for profits? State multiclass coalition. NIGERIA: Neo- patrimonial state: KHOLI book Opposite of cohesive capitalist state The British never establish a strong central state Leaders of different groups and ethnicities under British, once they got power, used the state to further better themselves and their kin. Not many were trained by British, fear of Egypt Communities they cobbled together as a country were kept as leaders, indirect rule, you help us do the taxing, we’ll give you some legitimacy. These minority rulers were still there even after British rule ended Nationalist movement didn’t bring people together. The Niger River and political units: The political economy of the Yoruba Kingdoms: taught by language, tribal units of subsistence living. the political economy of the Sokoto Caliphate: 19th century Jihad and emirates, literacy; Fulani jihad vs. Hausa Kings; weak central administration, no central army, jihads, slave raids, warfare more centralized, from North Africa and down. This helped diversify economy to a certain extent. Craft products for export, textiles the political economy of the Tribal units political economy of the coastal slaving city states: trans- saharan slave trade society defined by personalism and communalism 1900: low levels of literacy, simple agrarian technology (wheel, plow, transport animal?) three centuries of export slave trading and the economy agriculture, crafts, mining, cereals, groundnuts, cotton and indigo, textiles, leather, palm oil Compare S Korea and Nigeria in the 19th century (Both pre- industrial but: Centralized states, professional armies, exam based bureaucracies, state- led construction and irrigation, aristocratic civilization dominated by China. Side note on Tunisia: Regime change doesn’t have...
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