Lecture 4 Atomic orbital orbitals and atomic properties

Nuclear charge ze the amount of posive charge felt by

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Unformatted text preview: of p orbitals p- orbitals d- orbitals Top- down and 2- D view Shielding and eff[email protected] nuclear charge •  Shielding: occurs when core electrons block the valence electrons from experiencing the full a[[email protected] of the nucleus •  Effec,ve nuclear charge (Z*eff): the amount of [email protected] charge “felt” by outer electrons in atoms other than hydrogen –  Z*eff ~ Z – (# of core electrons) Sizes of selected second period atoms h[p://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/PETROLGY/ScaleAtomsHeKr.HTM Size of atoms are indicated...
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