Music Study Guide 1st Test

Music Study Guide 1st Test - Music 101 1st Test Study Guide...

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Music 101 – 1 st Test Study Guide - Materials of Music Through the Baroque Period Concert Etiquette – pp. 4-10 Elements of Music You should be able to define these terms: The 6 (Most Important) Elements of Music Melody- a coherent succession of pitches Range- distance between the highest and lowest note (narrow or wide) Shape – direction the melody takes (ascending, descending, or wide) Way it moves – conjunct or disjunct (small or large intervals) Like a sentence – commas, colons, semi-colons indicate phrase Phrase – unit of meaning within larger structure Cadence- (cadens or cadere – to fall) – like a comma or periods Countermelody- several simultaneous melodies o Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring – Bach Cantata #147 Rhythm – Musical time Beat- basic unit we use to measure time Accents – some beats are stronger than others Meter – beats grouped together with a certain amount of beats in each group o Musical Patterns Most Western music based on patterns of 2, 3, or 4. Downbeat- 1 st beat in measure, accented, Simple Meters Duple meter – 2 beats per meter Triple meter – 3 beats per meter Quadruple meter- 4 beats per meter Compound duple - (2 x 3) Compound triple – (3 x 3) Terms to Know o Upbeat – some pieces begin with upbeat such as “America the Beautiful”, “Oh Shenandoah”, and “Amazing Grace” o Syncopation- deliberate upsetting of normal accents o Polyrhythm – many different rhythms at the same time (African drumming) o Nonmetric- without any strong sense of beat or meter, i.e., medieval church music or chant Harmony – Musical Space Melody – horizontal Harmony – vertical Harmony describes the movement and relationship of intervals and chords Interval- the distance between two notes Chord – 3 or more notes sounded together Triad – Chords with 3 notes (most common)
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Scale- 7 notes 2 kinds of scales – major or minor (tonality) Tonic – home base Diatonic- within the key or scale Chromatic- added notes within the key Consonance – agreeable sounds Dissonance- disagreeable sounds ( clashing, close intervals) Timbre- Musical color Color of the sound of the instruments Affected by size and shape of the instrument Affected by what is used to play the instrument 4 Families of Instruments o Strings Violin Viola Vioncello (cello) Bass Other Strings Harp Guitar Banjo Mandolin Special Effects Vibrato – regular pulsating change of pitch Pizzicato- plucking the strings Glissando- glide from one pitch to another Tremolo - A regular and repetitive variation in amplitude for the duration of a single note. Trill - a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes of a
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course MUS 101 taught by Professor Prof.lee-whiting during the Fall '07 term at Binghamton University.

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Music Study Guide 1st Test - Music 101 1st Test Study Guide...

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