SOC notes 9-28-07

SOC notes 9-28-07 - Theoretical Perspectives on Cultural...

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SOC 2000 9/28/2007 Theoretical Perspectives on Culture and Cultural Change --Functionalism -Since all societies have a degree of shared basic needs there must be some aspects of culture that are universal -Are there cultural universals? -Incest Taboo -Variations—Food Consumption -Functionalists argue that cultural patterns exist because they serve an adaptive purpose -Maintaining equilibrium despite fluctuations and change. - What adaptive purpose does our cultural emphasis on material success serve?
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Unformatted text preview: Theoretical Perspectives on Cultural and Cultural Change--Conflict Theory-The value system within a culture represents the ideals of the elite in that society-The cultural system in place legitimizes the status quo-Conflict theorists argue that culture is used as a means to serve the interests of elites and control those that are subordinate to them....
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