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Unformatted text preview: ental changes (i.e., reactions should be
faster and at less cost). Personal experience is unnecessary for such stereotype formation. In one study,
people were asked to describe the traits of a number of ethnic groups, including several fictional ones. Although they had never met a Danerian, a Pirenian, or a
Wallonian, this did not inhibit them from assigning traits, and those they assigned
were usually unfavourable!24 Such stereotypes often contain contradictory elements.
A common reaction is to describe a particular group as being too lazy, while at the
same time criticizing it for taking one’s job opportunities away.
There is a remarkable shortage of serious research into racial and ethnic matters
in organizations.25 Nevertheless, what follows is a sample of some typical findings.
Just getting in the door can be a problem. For example:
The Urban Institute
www.urban.org The Urban Institute sent out teams of black and white job applicants with equal
credentials. The men applied for the same entry-level jobs in Chicago and
Washington, D.C., within hours of each other. They were the same age and physical size, had identical education and work experience,...
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This document was uploaded on 03/27/2014.
- Spring '14