Unformatted text preview: aluations. On the other hand, hiring and promotion decisions
might confront managers with ambiguous targets or situations and prompt them to
resort to gender stereotypes in forming impressions. Furthermore, when women Chapter 3 Perception, Attribution, and Judgment of Others make up a very small proportion of an employee group (15–20 percent) they tend
to suffer a “tokenism” effect that exaggerates the effect of stereotypes.39 Under such
circumstances, research shows that women’s performance appraisals suffer.40
Evidently people view token women as less capable of doing a “man’s” job.
Age Stereotypes. Another kind of stereotype that presents problems for organizations is the age stereotype. Knowing that a person falls into a certain age range,
we have a tendency to make certain assumptions about the person’s physical, psychological, and intellectual capabilities.
What is the nature of work-related age stereotypes? Older workers are seen as
having less capacity for performance. They tend to be viewe...
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- Spring '14
- Jerome Bruner