As observers of the same behaviour in others we are

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Unformatted text preview: ly. This difference in attributional perspectives is called the actor–observer effect.16 Specifically, while the observer might be busy committing the fundamental attribution error, the actor might be emphasizing the role of the situation in explaining his or her own behaviour. Thus, as actors, we are often particularly sensitive to those environmental events that led us to be late or absent. As observers of the same behaviour in others, we are more likely to invoke dispositional causes. We see some of the most striking examples of this effect in cases of illegal behaviour, such as price fixing and the bribery of government officials. The perpetrators Fundamental attribution error. The tendency to overemphasize dispositional explanations for behaviour at the expense of situational explanations. Actor–observer effect. The propensity for actors and observers to view the causes of the actor’s behaviour differently. 80 Individual Behaviour Part Two and those close to them often cite stiff competition or management pressure as causes of their ethical lapses. Observers see the...
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This document was uploaded on 03/27/2014.

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