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Unformatted text preview: ly. This difference in attributional
perspectives is called the actor–observer effect.16 Specifically, while the observer
might be busy committing the fundamental attribution error, the actor might be
emphasizing the role of the situation in explaining his or her own behaviour. Thus,
as actors, we are often particularly sensitive to those environmental events that led
us to be late or absent. As observers of the same behaviour in others, we are more
likely to invoke dispositional causes.
We see some of the most striking examples of this effect in cases of illegal behaviour, such as price fixing and the bribery of government officials. The perpetrators Fundamental attribution error.
The tendency to overemphasize
dispositional explanations for
behaviour at the expense of situational explanations. Actor–observer effect. The
propensity for actors and
observers to view the causes of
the actor’s behaviour differently. 80 Individual Behaviour Part Two and those close to them often cite stiff competition or management pressure
as causes of their ethical lapses. Observers see the...
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- Spring '14