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Unformatted text preview: ed, free-form format. Validity improves whenever interviewers use a guide to
order and organize their questions and impressions.62
What factors threaten the validity of the interview? To consider the most
obvious problem first, applicants are usually motivated to present an especially
favourable impression of themselves. As our discussion of the perception of people
implies, it is difficult enough to gain a clear picture of another individual without
having to cope with active deception! A couple of the perceptual tendencies that we
already discussed in this chapter can also operate in the interview. For one thing,
there is evidence that interviewers compare applicants with a stereotype of the ideal
applicant.63 In and of itself, this is not a bad thing. However, this ideal stereotype
must be accurate, and this requires a clear understanding of the nature of the job in
question and the kind of person who can do well in this job. This is a tall order,
especially for the interviewer who is hiring applicants for a wide var...
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This document was uploaded on 03/27/2014.
- Spring '14