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Unformatted text preview: women, non-Caucasian men, and non-Caucasian
women.2 Remember, these people were ostensibly viewing the same “objective” promotion system.
Frequently, our needs unconsciously influence our perceptions by causing us to
perceive what we wish to perceive. Research has demonstrated that perceivers who
have been deprived of food will tend to “see” more edible things in ambiguous pictures than will well-fed observers. Similarly, lonely university students might misperceive the most innocent actions of members of the opposite sex as indicating
interest in them.
Emotions, such as anger, happiness, or fear, can influence our perceptions. We
have all had the experience of misperceiving the innocent comment of a friend or
acquaintance when we were angry. For example, a worker who is upset about not
getting a promotion might perceive the consolation provided by a co-worker as
gloating condescension. On the other hand, consider the worker who does get a
promotion. He is so happy that he fails to notice how upset his co-worker...
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This document was uploaded on 03/27/2014.
- Spring '14