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Unformatted text preview: character, of the tokens of such badness, &c.: they are all disgraceful and
shameless. Another sort of bad thing at which we feel shame is, lacking a share in the
honourable things shared by every one else, or by all or nearly all who are like ourselves. By
'those like ourselves' I mean those of our own race or country or age or family, and generally
those who are on our own level. Once we are on a level with others, it is a disgrace to be,
say, less well educated than they are; and so with other advantages: all the more so, in each
case, if it is seen to be our own fault: wherever we are ourselves to blame for our present,
past, or future circumstances, it follows at once that this is to a greater extent due to our
moral badness. We are moreover ashamed of having done to us, having had done, or being
about to have done to us acts that involve us in dishonour and reproach; as when we
surrender our persons, or lend ourselves to vile deeds, e.g. when we submit to outrage. And
acts of yielding to the lust of others are shameful whether willing or unwilling (yielding to
force being an instance of unwillingness), since unresisting submi...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014.
- Spring '14