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Unformatted text preview: of all, or the most important, appliances of war. Also if we have wronged
no one, or not many, or not those of whom we are afraid; and generally, if our relations with
the gods are satisfactory, as will be shown especially by signs and oracles. The fact is that
anger makes us confident - that anger is excited by our knowledge that we are not the
wrongers but the wronged, and that the divine power is always supposed to be on the side of
the wronged. Also when, at the outset of an enterprise, we believe that we cannot and shall
not fail, or that we shall succeed completely. - So much for the causes of fear and confidence.
We now turn to Shame and Shamelessness; what follows will explain the things that cause
these feelings, and the persons before whom, and the states of mind under which, they are
felt. Shame may be defined as pain or disturbance in regard to bad things, whether present,
past, or future, which seem likely to involve us in discredit; and shamelessness as contempt
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014.
- Spring '14