SDLANGT NOV 2020 MEMO.pdf - SDLANGT OCT/NOV EXAM 2020 MEMO...

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SDLANGT OCT/NOV EXAM 2020 MEMO 1 | P a g e QUESTION ONE 1.1 The four language skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing. The receptive skills are listening and reading . These skills are responsible for receiving the message; that is understanding and decoding the communication. The productive skills are speaking and writing . These are skills that are required to convey or to encode the message. Each of these four skills needs attention in the language classroom. In real-life situations, we generally make use of two or more of the listening skills at one time. According to Kroes (1992:17), the implications of the language teaching are as follows: “While a specific lesson might be devoted to one of the four skills, c lassroom activities should reflect real communication skills.” This means that it might be necessary to use two or more, and sometimes all the four skills simultaneously. According to integrated teaching, the learning outcomes laid down in the National Curriculum Statement should be taught in an integrated way. One should move away from the tendency to teach different components such as composition, prose, poetry and grammar separately as if each is an independent part of language. An example of how the four skills can be integrated in one lesson is when teaching reading; an educator may use an article from a magazine as apiece to read. An educator may start by reading the article or a section of it and then ask a few questions about it to enhance the learners listening comprehension. Thereafter they would do reading and answer a comprehension exercise based, such as by asking whether the heading of the read piece is suitable and so on. When teaching reading, an educator may start by allowing learners to engage in a discussion, maybe about the title of the text to be read, thereby allowing learners to engage in listening and speaking. After reading, learners can be asked to write a paragraph about what they have read. Here their writing skills will be again put to test. In such a scenario, all the four skills would have been integrated in one lesson. As a way of integrating the four skills, the teacher should make sure that language activity is placed in an imaginary true to life communication situation. Role plays and simulations are examples of how this is done. The learner is then
SDLANGT OCT/NOV EXAM 2020 MEMO 2 | P a g e expected to respond to it by using language. In this way, learners are taught to deal with situations from real life and at the same time developing the four skills. Thus, teachers are required to create opportunities for genuine interaction in which the learners participate. 1.2.1 Pre-reading phase. This phase introduces learners to the text. It activates associations and previous knowledge.

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