118 potassium chloride the priority assessment before

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Unformatted text preview: tis in any setting and effective hand washing can prevent the compromised child from picking up an opportunistic type of infection. 118. Potassium Chloride The priority assessment before administering potassium chloride intravenously would be to assess the status of the urine output. Potassium chloride should never be administered in the presence of oliguria or anuria. If the urine output is less than 1 to 2 mL/kg/hr, potassium chloride should not be administered. Although options 1, 2, and 3 are appropriate assessments for the child with dehydration, these assessments are not related specifically to the intravenous (IV) administration of potassium chloride. 119. Diabetes Hyperglycemia occurs with diabetic ketoacidosis. Signs of hyperglycemia include fruity breath and a decreasing level of consciousness. Hunger can be a sign of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia, but hypertension is not a sign of diabetic 8 ketoacidosis. Instead, hypotension occurs because of a decrease in blood volume related to the dehydrated stat...
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