179 increased intracranial pressure the brain while

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Unformatted text preview: ation. In addition, suppositories and rectal temperatures are avoided. Options 1, 2, and 3 are related to the prevention of infection rather than bleeding. 179. Increased Intracranial Pressure The brain, while well protected by the solid bony cranium, is highly susceptible to pressure that may accumulate within the enclosure. Volume and pressure must remain constant within the brain. A change in the size of the brain, such as occurs with edema, or increased volume of intracranial blood or cerebrospinal fluid without a compensatory change, will lead to an increase in intracranial pressure, which may be life-threatening. An early sign of increased intracranial pressure, vomiting, can become excessive as pressure builds up and stimulates the medulla in the brainstem, which houses the vomit center. Children with open fontanels (posterior closes at 2 to 3 months; anterior closes at 12 to 18 months) compensate for intracranial pressure changes by skull expansion and subsequent bulging fontanels. Once...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014.

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