331 tracheostomy when suctioning a tracheostomy in an

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Unformatted text preview: o a shifting of the temporal lobe laterally across the tentorial notch. This produces compression of the third cranial nerve and ipsilateral pupil dilation. If pressure continues to rise, flaccid paralysis, pupil dilation, pupil fixation, and death will result. 331. Tracheostomy When suctioning a tracheostomy in an infant, it is necessary to limit insertion and suctioning time to 5 seconds to prevent hypoxia. Options 1, 2, and 4 indicate correct suctioning procedures for the infant. 332. Vaccines In a young child, aged 3 to 6 years, the maximum volume of medication that can be safely injected into the ventral gluteal muscle is 1.5 mL. 333. Tylenol The child¶s rectal vault is not as long as that of an adult, and the distance required to place medications is approximately 1 to 2 cm. After insertion, the buttocks should be held together until the urge to expel the suppository has passed. 334. Ear Drops Because of the internal anatomy of the ear, if the child is 3 years of age or younger, the pinna of the ear is pulled back and down. If the child is older than 3 years, the pin...
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