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358 glomerulonephritis glomerulonephritis is a term

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Unformatted text preview: e Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder. Clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome include edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and hypercholesterolemia in the absence of hematuria and hypertension. No fever, bacteriuria, or weight loss would be noted with this syndrome. 358. Glomerulonephritis Glomerulonephritis is a term that refers to a group of kidney disorders characterized by inflammatory injury in the glomerulus. The child with acute glomerulonephritis will have an excessive accumulation of water and retention of sodium, leading to circulatory congestion and edema. Excess fluid volume would be an appropriate nursing diagnosis for this disease process. No risk for infection is associated with this disease; it is a postinfectious process, usually from a pneumococcal, streptococcal, or viral infection. Hematuria is present, but the loss of blood is not enough to constitute a risk for injury. The disease is acute as opposed to chronic, and almost all children recover completely. 359. Burns A Foley catheter is inserted into the child¶s bladder so that urine output can be measured accurately each hour....
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