Unformatted text preview: stic infection of children infected with HIV is Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia,
which occurs most frequently between the ages of 3 and 6 months, when HIV status may be indeterminate. Cytomegalovirus
infection is also characteristic of HIV infection; however, it is not the most common opportunistic infection. Although
gastrointestinal disturbances and neurological abnormalities may occur in the child with HIV infection, options 1 and 2 are not
specific opportunistic infections noted in the HIV-infected child. 14 196. HIV/AIDS
A child with AIDS who is sick or has a fever should be kept home and not brought to a day care center or other
environment. Options 1, 2, and 4 are correct statements and would be actions a caretaker should take when the child has AIDS.
Immunizations against common childhood illnesses are recommended for all children exposed to or infected
with HIV. Pneumococcal and influenza vaccines also are recommended. The varicella (chickenpox) vaccine is avoided in the
child who is...
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