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372. Body Surface Area
The body surface area of a child can be estimated using the West nomogram. A straight line is drawn
on the nomogram between the height and the weight for the child. The point at which the line crosses the surface area column is
the estimated body surface area.
373. Dislocated Hip A Pavlik harness is a device that is used to treat congenital hip dislocation. It keeps the hips and knees flexed,
the hips abducted, and the femoral head in the acetabulum. The Pavlik harness is worn continuously for 3 to 6 months. It
promotes the development of muscle and cartilage, resulting in a stable hip.
A lateral recumbent position with the knees flexed to the abdomen and the head bent with the chin resting on
the chest is assumed for a lumbar puncture. This position separates the spinal processes and facilitates needle insertion into the
subarachnoid space. Options 1, 2, and 4 are incorrect positions.
The CNS is monitored because of the risk of infiltration of blast cells into the CNS. The nurse...
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- Spring '14