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Unformatted text preview: , and children usually self-limit their
activity. Respiratory precautions are not required, although transmission can occur via direct intimate contact or contact with
infected blood. Fever is treated with acetaminophen (Tylenol).
Diagnosis of pinworm infection is confirmed by direct visualization of the worms. Parents can view the
sleeping child¶s anus with a flashlight. The worm is white, thin, about 1/2-inch long, and moves. A simple technique, the tape
test, is used to capture worms and eggs. Transparent tape is lightly touched to the anus and then applied to a slide for
microscopic examination. The best specimens are obtained as the child awakens, before toileting or bathing.
Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), Haemophilusinfluenzae type b conjugate vaccine
(Hib), inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), and pneumococcal vaccine (PCV) are administered at 4 months of age. DTaP is
administered at 2, 4, 6, and between 15 and 18 months of age...
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- Spring '14