Gaining independence often means that the child has

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Unformatted text preview: ges 1 and 3 years. Gaining independence often means that the child has to rebel against the parents¶ wishes. Saying things like no or mine and having temper tantrums are common during this period of development. Being consistent and setting limits on the child¶s behavior are necessary elements. Car Safety Seats Children should remain in a booster seat until they are 8 to 12 years old and at least 4 feet, 9 inches tall. An infant should ride in a car in a semireclined, rear-facing position in an infant-only seat or a convertible seat until they weigh at least 20 lb and are at least 1 year of age. The transition point for switching to the forward-facing position is defined by the manufacturer of the convertible car safety seat but is generally at a body weight of 9 kg (20 lb) and 1 year of age. Convertible car safety seats are used until the child weighs at least 40 lb. Vital Signs The normal respiratory rate in a 12-month-old infant is 20 to 40 breaths/min. The normal apical rate is 90 to 130 beats/min, and the average blood pressure is 90/56 mm Hg Car Safety Seats Infants who weigh up to 20 lb and are at least 1 year of age should be restrained in a car seat (convertible seat) or infant-only seat in a semireclined, rear-facing position in the back seat of the car Increased Intracranial Pressure The anterior fontanel is diamond-shaped and located o...
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