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Unformatted text preview: is a condition in which the eyes are not aligned because of lack of
coordination of the extraocular muscles. It is normal in the young infant but should not be present after about age 4 months.
Options 1, 2, and 3 are not appropriate responses to the mother of a 1-month-old infant.
Patching may be used in the treatment of strabismus to strengthen the weak eye. In this treatment, the ³good´
eye is patched. This encourages the child to use the weaker eye. It is most successful when done during the preschool years. The
schedule for patching is individualized and is prescribed by the ophthalmologist.
To test for Kernig¶s sign, the leg is raised with the knee flexed. Then, the leg is extended at the knee. If any
resistance is noted or pain is felt, the result is a positive Kernig¶s sign. This is a common finding in meningitis. Brudzinski¶s sign
occurs when flexion of the head causes flexion of the hips and knees. Chvostek¶s sign, seen in tetany, is a spasm of the facial
muscles elicited by tapp...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014.
- Spring '14