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Unformatted text preview: traction (option 3)
is used for fractures of the femur or for hip and knee contractures. It uses skin traction on the lower leg with a padded sling under
the knee. Balanced suspension (option 4) may be used with or without skin or skeletal traction. It is used for femur, hip, or tibial
fractures. The balanced suspension suspends the leg in a desired flexed position to relax the hip and hamstring muscles and does
not exert any traction directly on a body part. In balanced suspension, a Thomas splint extends from the groin to midair above the
foot, and a Pearson attachment supports the lower leg.
371. Fracture When small fragments of bone are broken from the fracture shaft and lie in the surrounding tissues, the fracture is called
comminuted. An open or compound fracture (option 1) is a fracture with an open wound from which the bone protrudes. In an
oblique fracture (option 3), a diagonal line across the bone is noted. In a greenstick fracture (option 4), the bone is partly bent and
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- Spring '14