Unformatted text preview: n the top of the head. The fontanel
should be soft and flat in a normal infant, and it normally closes by 12 to 18 months of age.
By age 2 years, the child can use a cup and spoon correctly but with some spilling. By age 3 to 4, the
child begins to use a fork. By the end of the preschool period, the child should be able to pour milk into a cup and begin to use a
knife for cutting.
The phases through which young children progress when separated from their parents include protest, despair,
and denial or detachment. In the stage of protest, when the parents return, the child readily goes to them. In the stage of despair,
the child may not approach them readily or may cling to a parent. In denial or detachment, when the parents return, the child
becomes cheerful, interested in the environment and new persons (seemingly unaware of the lost parents), friendly with the staff,
and interested in developing superficial relationships 1 20. Behavior
Toddlers often resist going to bed. Bedtime protests may be reduced by establishing a consistent beforebedtime routine and enforcing consistent limits regarding the chil...
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- Spring '14
- Sudden infant death syndrome, Shaken baby syndrome