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The infant should be placed in a room near the nurses

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Unformatted text preview: be isolated in a private room or in a room with another infant with RSV infection. The infant should be placed in a room near the nurses¶ station for easy observation. The infant should be positioned with the head and chest at a 30- to 40-degree angle and the neck slightly extended to maintain an open airway and decrease pressure on the diaphragm. Cool humidified oxygen is delivered to relieve dyspnea, hypoxemia, and insensible water loss from tachypnea. Contact precautions (wearing gloves and a gown) reduce nosocomial transmission of RSV. Aortic stenosis Aortic stenosis ± The child with aortic stenosis shows signs of exercise intolerance, chest pain, and dizziness when standing for long periods of time. Pallor may be noted but is not specific to this type of disorder alone Cardiac Surgery Cardiac Surgery ± The mother should be instructed that lotions and powders should not be applied to the incision site. Lotions and powders can irritate the surrounding skin, which could lead to skin breakdown and subsequent infection of the incision site. Rheumatic Fever Rheumatic Fever ± Rheumatic fever characteristically presents 2 to 6 weeks after an untreated or parti...
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