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Unformatted text preview: 1864 the PD’s
actually had somewhat of a chance – they ran
former General McClellan against Lincoln. He
lost, but still…
- In the South (a lot worse): One problem was the planters’ increasing
opposition to their own gov’t. The centralizing
tendencies needed to maintain the war effort were
just not cool – so planters complained about
conscription, wouldn’t change to food from cash
crops, and were generally inflexible. The food situation, which had never been good,
certainly wasn’t getting better. This culminated in
126 the food riots in several Southern cities in spring
1863. Most Southerners resisted less conspicuously,
though – by evading taxes and the draft, and by
deserting from the army. Davis was not good at
communicating w/the public, so he was stuck
w/the overriding problem of public apathy/lack of
morale, esp. after Vicksburg and Gettysburg. Some Southern legislatures even began to call for
peace after V&G – William Holden [no, not the
Sunset Bvld/Sabrina/Stalag 17 guy] in North
Carolina (summer 1863) and Brown and Stevens
in Georgia (1864) – but the movements never got
anywhere. Also, the 1863 elections hurt Davis as many
supporters of his administration lost seats.
Basically, by 1864 the South had given up and
many were either doing nothing or actively
sabotaging the Confederate gov’t.
*1864 – 1865: The Final Stretch*
- The South could actually have still won in the last year if
they had kept up a stalemate and waited for Northern
anti-war sentiments to triumph. But several important
events swayed things just enough the other way to
assure a Northern victory. One aspect was that the
North’s diplomatic strategy, which was don’t-let-Europerecognize-them, succeeded into 1864.
- Also, General Sherman [“War is Hell”] took total war
right into the Southern heartland starting in the winter of
1863/1864 in Virginia. The policy was all-out: looting,
127 pillaging, burning…it was all OK. In response, Davis
concentrated his forces in Atlanta, Sherman’s first goal.
- On September 2, 1864 Southern forces fell at Atlanta –
which boosted Northern morale and secured Lincoln’s
reelection, but killed...
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- Fall '10