anyhow in addition to the relationships above there

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Unformatted text preview: lasses would be distilled into rum and sent to… Africa, which would provide slaves, who would be sold by coastal rulers and bought by European slavers, in exchange for the rum and manufactured goods. - Anyhow, in addition to the relationships above, there was a whole bunch of confusing stuff going on, but it is really not that big a deal so who cares? *Effects of the Slave Trade* - First of all, slavery definitely stunk for the slaves, who had horrible conditions on the boat ride, etc. But it also had major political and economic consequences for Africa and for Europe, where it sparked big time rivalries between the powers. This, of course, caused changes in the Americas. So here goes… - In West Africa, where the coastal rulers served as the essential link between the Europeans and the slaves, slavery caused increased centralization b/c the trade 19 created powerful kingdoms. Slavery also consequently destroyed existing trading patterns and hurt local manufacturing. - But the slave trade really benefited the Europeans, though it did help out some African rulers – so the powers fought to control it. The Dutch replaced the Portuguese in the 1630s, and the Dutch then lost out to the English, who took over through the Royal African Company in 1672. Even the English monopoly didn’t really last though, b/c by the 1700s most trading was carried out by independent traders. - B/c of the competition over the slave trade, the English also looked for new sources of revenue, especially b/c of the Civil War. And they looked to – yup, you got it – the colonies. *Mercantilism and the Navigation Acts* - The mercantilist system of thought arose in the early 1600s, when it was believed that there was a finite amount of wealth [if they win, you lose] in the world and that governments had to control production and competition in order to gain the upper hand. - By the late 1600s the concept developed that colonies could actually extend the amount of wealth available and that countries should exploit [I mean, use] their colonies to provide cheap labor and raw materials, which could be processed and then sold back to the colonies at a profit. - So in England, where they were looking for new sources of revenue, this sort of thinking was applied, resulting in the Navigation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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