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would be distilled into rum and sent to… Africa, which would provide slaves, who would be
sold by coastal rulers and bought by European
slavers, in exchange for the rum and
- Anyhow, in addition to the relationships above, there
was a whole bunch of confusing stuff going on, but it is
really not that big a deal so who cares?
*Effects of the Slave Trade*
- First of all, slavery definitely stunk for the slaves, who
had horrible conditions on the boat ride, etc. But it also
had major political and economic consequences for
Africa and for Europe, where it sparked big time rivalries
between the powers. This, of course, caused changes in
the Americas. So here goes…
- In West Africa, where the coastal rulers served as the
essential link between the Europeans and the slaves,
slavery caused increased centralization b/c the trade
19 created powerful kingdoms. Slavery also consequently
destroyed existing trading patterns and hurt local
- But the slave trade really benefited the Europeans,
though it did help out some African rulers – so the
powers fought to control it. The Dutch replaced the
Portuguese in the 1630s, and the Dutch then lost out to
the English, who took over through the Royal African
Company in 1672. Even the English monopoly didn’t
really last though, b/c by the 1700s most trading was
carried out by independent traders.
- B/c of the competition over the slave trade, the English
also looked for new sources of revenue, especially b/c of
the Civil War. And they looked to – yup, you got it – the
*Mercantilism and the Navigation Acts*
- The mercantilist system of thought arose in the early
1600s, when it was believed that there was a finite
amount of wealth [if they win, you lose] in the world and
that governments had to control production and
competition in order to gain the upper hand.
- By the late 1600s the concept developed that colonies
could actually extend the amount of wealth available and
that countries should exploit [I mean, use] their colonies
to provide cheap labor and raw materials, which could be
processed and then sold back to the colonies at a profit.
- So in England, where they were looking for new
sources of revenue, this sort of thinking was applied,
resulting in the Navigation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10