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the idea of the liberty to find work on new land.
Important to note that some Republicans were not
necessary anti-slavery in itself, many were even
racist! Democrats were *no kidding* for the extension of
slavery into the territories. E/t most Southern
Democrats were not slaveowners, the party’s
appeal to racism [basic idea = if blacks are not
enslaved, this is bad for whites in general] won
over many of the yeoman farmers. Another
114 element was the idea that restrictions on slavery
were inherently against constitutional principles.
Both these ideas helped blur the class lines in the
- Things only intensified with time…
*Bleeding Kansas and the Election of 1856*
- In Kansas, both abolitionists and Southerners began
sending in forces to support their side and influence the
decision, which was to be made through popular
sovereignty. As conflicts became increasingly violent, the
nation’s attention focused more and more on Bleeding
- During elections for the territorial legislature, Border
Ruffians [i.e. proslavery Missourians] screwed up the
voting and caused the pro-slavery side to win. This led to
the Free-Soilers creating their own gov’t, a pro-slavery
posse killing some of them in 1856, and the whole John
Brown rebellion/revolution scheme. Even the Senate
was losing it [SC Representative Preston Brooks hit MA
Senator Sumner w/cane].
- The polarization continued into the Presidential
Election of 1856, where Democrat James Buchanan
[chosen b/c uninvolved in controversies] beat out the
Republican candidate, John C. Frémont.
*The Dred Scott Case*
- The whole Dred Scott deal started when a Missouri
slave named *wow what a surprise* Dred Scott sued his
owner for his freedom b/c his owner took him in a free
state. In 1857, the case reached the SC. Normally, the
115 SC liked to stay out of slavery controversies [1851
decision – state courts decide].
- But this time [b/c 2 Northern justices threatened to
dissent] the SC took on the case, finally deciding in
March 1857 that: (1) Scott was not a...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10