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Unformatted text preview: ded not to interfere b/c it was a state
matter [really b/c he just wanted to kick out the Indians
anyway] and allowed the Indians to be forced out w/funds
from the Removal Act of 1830. The Choctaws were
moved first, then the Creeks.
- Finally the Cherokees [who were divided – some
wanted to give up and exchange their land for western
land, most didn’t want to give up] were marched by
military escort in the Trail of Tears in 1838 after their
lobby to the Senate failed.
- Removal was a disaster for the Indians [you think?] –
many became dependent on the gov’t for survival,
internal conflicts arose, as did problems with existing
- In Florida a small band of Seminoles continued their
resistance through a small minority under Osceola that
opposed the 1832 Treaty of Payne’s Landing, which
provided for their relocation. When troops were sent in
1835, Osceola used guerilla warfare against them until
his capture and death in prison, after which the group
fought under other leaders until the US gave up in 1842.
Revival, Reform and Politics during the Jackson Era
(1824 – 1845)
*The Second Great Awakening* 92 - The wave of reform that swept America in the early
nineteenth century was both a reaction to the radical
changes American society experienced following the War
of 1812 [immigration, market economy, expansion] and
to the Second Great Awakening (1790s – 1840s).
- During the SGA preachers encouraged sinners to
repent and offered them a chance to become true
Christians. Salvation was available for all through
personal conversion. This philosophy increased lay
participation, made religion more democratic, and led to
efforts to reform society.
- In the South, revival attendance was very high [esp.
women and African Americans] – the “Bible belt.” In the
North, former NY lawyer Charles Finney led the
movement following his conversion in 1821. Finney
emphasized the power of spontaneous personal
conversions, stating that anyone could be saved that
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- Fall '10