each areas of the country began to specialize its

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Unformatted text preview: y grew, though, the dependence of the corporations on the states for investments declined. *Improvements in Transportation* - Following the War of 1812 the states invested in roads, canals and railroads. This increased the importance of the northeastern seaboard cities, which were already financial centers, by centralizing exports from the South and West there. By contrast, the South spent little $ on transportation and stayed rural. - Water routes were the primary modes of transportation, but as settlement moved beyond the major rivers new methods of transportation were developed: National Road – this highway began in Maryland and reached Ohio in 1833. 86 Erie Canal – completed in 1825, the canal linked the Great Lakes with NYC and set off a wave of canal building across the country. Railroads – as investment in canals fell in the 1830s, railroad construction boomed [but it was not until the 1850s that long-distance service was offered at good rates]. - New technology reduced travel time and shipping greatly, stimulating the economy. *Sectors of the Market Economy: Commercial Farming* - Agriculture still remained the backbone of the economy in the market economy era – it just changed from selfsufficient household units producing enough for their sustenance to larger, market-oriented ventures. - Each areas of the country began to specialize its production, as follows: New England – due to a lack of space and bad terrain, commercial crop farming became increasingly impractical in NE beginning in the 1820s. Instead, NE families improved their livestock, specialized in dairy/vegetable/fruit production [financed through land sales, which really was the greatest source of profit], moved west, or gave up on farming altogether. Old Northwest/Western Territories – this region took over the commercial crop farming from NE. Large, flat farms were formed, and the mechanization of agriculture helped enormously. In 1831 Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper, which he patented in 1834 and began making in a 87 factory, and in 1837 John Deere invented...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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