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Unformatted text preview: Act & Wealth Tax Act – The tax act
raised income taxes on rich people.
- Then the Presidential Election of 1936 rolled around,
and FDR totally creamed the Republican nominee, and
the Democrats gained in the Congress too. FDR’s
supporters are known as the New Deal Coalition, and
they consisted of urban (immigrant) workers, organized
labor, the “Solid South,” and northern blacks.
- In FDR’s second term, however, the momentum of the
ND started to fizzle out – partially b/c of FDR’s own
actions, like the whole Court-Packing fiasco – FDR tried
to use the Judiciary Reorganization Bill (1937) to allow
him to add judges when old ones failed to retire (he
wanted ND judges). But there was too much opposition
and he had to settle w/providing pensions to retiring
judges to encourage them to leave.
- Another problem was the “relapse” of 1937 – 1939,
which was partially caused by FDR’s retightening of
credit and cutbacks on federal spending. After that, FDR
soon resumed deficit spending. Still, the ND was
threatened in 1937/1938 as people suggested diverging
paths for reform. And, in the end, FDR simply chose
deficit financing to stimulate demand, and then dropped
off on reforming around 1939 w/the war. 208 - The last important ND acts were: National Housing
Act (1937), a new Agricultural Adjustment Act (1938),
and the Fair Labor Standards Act (1938).
*Labor during the Great Depression*
- The Wagner Act, which gave workers the right
organize unions and bargain collectively, was a big help
to the labor movement, of course, although management
still resisted by using the police to intimidate workers and
- Another problem was the competition between the AFL
(craft unions) and the new industrial unions, which
represented all workers in a given industry, skilled or
unskilled. Attempts to join the two types of organizations
- In 1935 John L. Lewis then quit the AFL and formed
the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO), which
led to the AFL then suspending the CIO unions, so the
two separated totally. The CIO th...
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- Fall '10