executive order no 8802 in exchange for the

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Unformatted text preview: Act & Wealth Tax Act – The tax act raised income taxes on rich people. - Then the Presidential Election of 1936 rolled around, and FDR totally creamed the Republican nominee, and the Democrats gained in the Congress too. FDR’s supporters are known as the New Deal Coalition, and they consisted of urban (immigrant) workers, organized labor, the “Solid South,” and northern blacks. - In FDR’s second term, however, the momentum of the ND started to fizzle out – partially b/c of FDR’s own actions, like the whole Court-Packing fiasco – FDR tried to use the Judiciary Reorganization Bill (1937) to allow him to add judges when old ones failed to retire (he wanted ND judges). But there was too much opposition and he had to settle w/providing pensions to retiring judges to encourage them to leave. - Another problem was the “relapse” of 1937 – 1939, which was partially caused by FDR’s retightening of credit and cutbacks on federal spending. After that, FDR soon resumed deficit spending. Still, the ND was threatened in 1937/1938 as people suggested diverging paths for reform. And, in the end, FDR simply chose deficit financing to stimulate demand, and then dropped off on reforming around 1939 w/the war. 208 - The last important ND acts were: National Housing Act (1937), a new Agricultural Adjustment Act (1938), and the Fair Labor Standards Act (1938). *Labor during the Great Depression* - The Wagner Act, which gave workers the right organize unions and bargain collectively, was a big help to the labor movement, of course, although management still resisted by using the police to intimidate workers and stop strikes. - Another problem was the competition between the AFL (craft unions) and the new industrial unions, which represented all workers in a given industry, skilled or unskilled. Attempts to join the two types of organizations together failed. - In 1935 John L. Lewis then quit the AFL and formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO), which led to the AFL then suspending the CIO unions, so the two separated totally. The CIO th...
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