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*English Attempts to Reorganize their Empire*
- Anyhow, due partially to their increasing debt and
experiences in America, following 1763 the Brits. decided
to reorganize [again]. *Their 1st reorganization, the
Dominion of New England, had only lasted from the late
17th century until the Glorious Revolution.
- In 1761, even before the end of the war, the Brits.
allowed for Writs of Assistance [officers allowed to
board and inspect ships and confiscate goods not taxed]
to be used in the colonies. James Otis brought a case
against this [protection of property over parliamentary
law] but he lost.
- Then, from 1763 to 1765 four very irritating pieces of
legislation were passed by George Grenville…
32 Sugar Act (1764) – existing customs regulations
were revised, new duties were placed on some
foreign imports, and stronger measures were
taken against smuggling. Seems just like
Navigation Acts, which were accepted by the
colonists, but this time the measures were
explicitly designed to raise revenue [as opposed
to channeling trade through Britain]. Currency Act (1764) – colonial paper $ was
banned for trade [by 1769 it was decided col. $
would have no value at all]. This was passed b/c
British officials felt they were being ripped off b/c
colonial $ had such erratic values, but it greatly
irritated colonial merchants, who lost out b/c their
money was made useless. Quartering Act (1765) – required a raise in
colonial taxes to provide for housing of soldiers in
barracks near colonial centers. STAMP ACT (1765) – this was the biggie. It
affected almost every colonist b/c it required tax
stamps on all printed materials, and it was the
worst on merchants and the elite [who used more
paper]. The act also asked that stamps be paid
w/sterling and that violators be tried in viceadmiralty courts, which alarmed colonists.
- Though the acts were a natural consequence of the
war, which created a large debt for Britain, they greatly
annoyed the colonists and led to ever increasing
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10