This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Andrew.”
- But the main issue during Jackson’s first term was…
*The Nullification Crisis*
- The whole nullification thing started in early 1828 before
the election when an anti-Adams Congress decided to
propose this new ultra-high tariff thing. The point was to
raise New Englander’s hopes and then not have the
ridiculous measure passed – thereby alienating Adams
NE supporters and making him appear incompetent. But
*surprise* it backfired and in 1828 the Tariff of
Abominations [so said the South] passed.
- South Carolina, basing itself on ideas expressed in the
1798 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, began
protesting the tariff and declaring their right to nullify it.
Calhoun, the VP, wrote and left unsigned the South
Carolina Exposition and Protest [special state
conventions can nullify nat’l laws].
- But in the Senate it was Robert Hayne [SC] who
argued in favor of states’ rights vs. Daniel Webster [MA]
in the 1830 Webster-Hayne Debates [“Liberty and Union,
now and forever, one and inseparable” – DW].
- E/t Jackson was a states’ rights person, he believed the
ultimate authority rested w/the people, not w/the states.
W/Calhoun obviously on the state sovereignty side,
Jackson turned away from him and began to rely more
on Secretary of State Martin Van Buren.
101 - So in 1832 Congress tried to make the problem go
away by reducing some of the duties but keeping them
on iron, cottons and woolens. This was not good enough
for South Carolina, who not only disliked the duties
themselves but also feared that they could set a
precedent for legislation on slavery.
- In November 1832, then, a South Carolina state
convention nullified both tariffs and made it illegal to
collect them w/in state boundaries. In response, Jackson
passed the Force Act, which gave the president
authority to call up troops and to collect duties before
ships reached the state, while at the same time
recommending tariff reductions to give SC a chance to
- Calhoun, who had resigned as VP and become a South
Carolina Senator, decided to work w/Henry Clay and
View Full Document
- Fall '10