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Unformatted text preview: uction program had essentially
reduced the army and navy to total crap [the navy
had a whopping 17 ships]. Nobody enlisted in the national army, only in
some of the state militias. In the West there was
initially a good response, but after word spread
that the War Dept. wasn’t paying people on time
and they were low on supplies, nobody wanted to
join anymore. In New England, people saw it as
“Mr. Madison’s War” and didn’t want to enlist from
the start. 76 Financial problems due to lowered revenue/import
taxes b/c of the embargo and war. Regional disagreements – New England state
militias wouldn’t leave their state lines.
- But, of course, the US decided to try and invade
Canada anyway, which led to numerous disasters: first
General William Hull totally screwed up and ended up
surrendering Fort Detroit, and then the attempted
invasion from Niagara failed b/c the NY militia refused to
leave its state borders.
- On the naval front the British had no problem keeping
their hold over the oceans and, by 1814, was blockading
almost every American port, which led the US gov’t to the
brink of bankruptcy.
- In the Great Lakes a shipbuilding race began, which the
US won, leading to their victory at the Battle of Put-inBay on September 10, 1813 and subsequent control
over Lake Eerie.
- The US also emerged victorious in the Kentucky region,
where General William Henry Harrison led his state
militia against the British, Shawnee and Chippewa forces
at the Battle of the Thames. The US regained control of
the Old Northwest, and Tecumseh was killed, which hurt
Indian unity big time.
- After the US burned the Canadian capital of York, the
British [who no longer had to worry about Napoleon, who
they beat in April 1814] went down to the Chesapeake,
where they set fire to Washington DC and burned it to
the ground. The key battle then occurred at Baltimore in
September 1814 – the Brits. Inflicted heavy damage, but
the war was basically stalemated in the region. 77 - The last campaigns took place in the South against the
Creeks and British – the Creeks...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10