lincoln pocket vetoed the wade davis bill prompting

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Unformatted text preview: hope for the South. - After the victory at Atlanta, Sherman took his men on the aptly-named Sherman’s March to the Sea. The goal was, quite simply, to destroy as much as possible – so the men lived off the land and ruined as much as they could. Since there was no guerrilla resistance [South gave up] the policy was very successful. - Simultaneously, Grant attacked Lee’s army in Virginia in repeated attempts to capture Richmond. After enormous losses, Grant was finally successful on April 2 in taking Richmond. Then on April 9, 1865 Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House [important to note that terms of surrender very lenient]. Reconstruction (1865 –1877) *Reconstruction During the War* - Believe it or not, the North began thinking about Reconstruction as early as 1863. There were four basic problems that really bothered them: (1) local rulers for the South, (2) nat’l gov’t control of the South [should it be the President or Congress], (3) freedom [or lack thereof] for former slaves, and (4) should they reestablish the old system or make it another revolution? - The two main competing viewpoints on these issues were as follows… Lincoln: Lincoln personally favored leniency, as he feared the South would continue resistance 128 otherwise. This was reflected in his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction [December 1863], which introduced the 10% Plan – i.e. once 10% of a state’s population as established by the 1860 election took an oath of loyalty they could establish a gov’t. This was applied in Louisiana, Tennessee and Arkansas in 1864 [“Lincoln Gov’ts”]. Congress: Congress felt the South deserved more of a punishment. Radical Republicans, led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner, even proposed the theory of state suicide [the Southerners had destroyed their status as states through rebellion and had to be treated as conquered foreign lands]. This was incorporated into the Wade-Davis Bill [July 1864], which demanded that, to be readmitted, states had to have: (1) a majority of white citizens participating in the new gov’t, (2) all voters/delegat...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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