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Unformatted text preview: hope for the South.
- After the victory at Atlanta, Sherman took his men on
the aptly-named Sherman’s March to the Sea. The goal
was, quite simply, to destroy as much as possible – so
the men lived off the land and ruined as much as they
could. Since there was no guerrilla resistance [South
gave up] the policy was very successful.
- Simultaneously, Grant attacked Lee’s army in Virginia in
repeated attempts to capture Richmond. After enormous
losses, Grant was finally successful on April 2 in taking
Richmond. Then on April 9, 1865 Lee surrendered at
Appomattox Court House [important to note that terms
of surrender very lenient].
Reconstruction (1865 –1877)
*Reconstruction During the War*
- Believe it or not, the North began thinking about
Reconstruction as early as 1863. There were four basic
problems that really bothered them: (1) local rulers for
the South, (2) nat’l gov’t control of the South [should it be
the President or Congress], (3) freedom [or lack thereof]
for former slaves, and (4) should they reestablish the old
system or make it another revolution?
- The two main competing viewpoints on these issues
were as follows… Lincoln: Lincoln personally favored leniency, as
he feared the South would continue resistance
128 otherwise. This was reflected in his Proclamation
of Amnesty and Reconstruction [December
1863], which introduced the 10% Plan – i.e. once
10% of a state’s population as established by the
1860 election took an oath of loyalty they could
establish a gov’t. This was applied in Louisiana,
Tennessee and Arkansas in 1864 [“Lincoln
Gov’ts”]. Congress: Congress felt the South deserved
more of a punishment. Radical Republicans, led
by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner,
even proposed the theory of state suicide [the
Southerners had destroyed their status as states
through rebellion and had to be treated as
conquered foreign lands]. This was incorporated
into the Wade-Davis Bill [July 1864], which
demanded that, to be readmitted, states had to
have: (1) a majority of white citizens participating
in the new gov’t, (2) all voters/delegat...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10