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Unformatted text preview: government, which
would then make $ by selling the lands to
individuals. Revenue from one out of every 36 squares
would be used for public schools. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 – these laws
described the process by which territories would
become states… Every new state was to have the same rights
as the original states. Slavery could not be established in the area. 3 Phases to get in: (1) AOC appoints a
governor and 3 judges, (2) if there are 5000
adult male landowners then a territorial
legislature can be created to manage local
issues, and (3) if the population exceeds
60000 people then delegates can be elected
to write a state constitution, if Congress
approves of the constitution then it is a state.
- Ordinances or no ordinances, though, in 1787 the US
still hadn’t formed an agreement w/several Indian tribes,
55 who attacked pioneers. Consequently, in 1789 the
Northwest Territory’s first governor, Arthur St. Clair,
attempted to negotiate a treaty, but failed, setting off a
war with a western confederacy of tribes.
- The US suffered some initial defeats but in August
1794 the confederacy was defeated at the Battle of
Fallen Timbers. The Treaty of Greenville subsequently
gave the US the right to settle much of Ohio but also
(finally) recognized the principle of Indian sovereignty.
But this, of course, was after the AOC was replaced by
*The Constitutional Convention Meets*
- So what spurred the change from the AOC to the
Constitution? One element was that Americans in trade,
finance, and foreign affairs soon realized the AOC was
crap b/c Congress couldn’t levy taxes, establish a
uniform commercial policy, or enforce treaties. Also, the
economy, partially b/c of the AOC, fell into a depression
after the end of the war (restrictions on exporting to
- Recognizing the economic issues, representatives of
Virginia and Maryland met independently at Mt. Vernon
in March 1785 to discuss an agreement over trade on
the Potomac. It was a success, which led to a call for a
general meeting of the states in Annapolis in
September 1786 to discuss trade policies. Only 5
delegations ended up coming, but they issued a call for
another convention in Philadelphia.
- The other states didn’t respond until Shays’ Rebellion
gave them a wake-up call. In January 27, 1787 Shays
led a set of angry western farmers against a federal
56 armory in Springfield. They declared the gov...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10