ordinances or no ordinances though in 1787 the us

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Unformatted text preview: government, which would then make $ by selling the lands to individuals. Revenue from one out of every 36 squares would be used for public schools. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 – these laws described the process by which territories would become states… Every new state was to have the same rights as the original states. Slavery could not be established in the area. 3 Phases to get in: (1) AOC appoints a governor and 3 judges, (2) if there are 5000 adult male landowners then a territorial legislature can be created to manage local issues, and (3) if the population exceeds 60000 people then delegates can be elected to write a state constitution, if Congress approves of the constitution then it is a state. - Ordinances or no ordinances, though, in 1787 the US still hadn’t formed an agreement w/several Indian tribes, 55 who attacked pioneers. Consequently, in 1789 the Northwest Territory’s first governor, Arthur St. Clair, attempted to negotiate a treaty, but failed, setting off a war with a western confederacy of tribes. - The US suffered some initial defeats but in August 1794 the confederacy was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The Treaty of Greenville subsequently gave the US the right to settle much of Ohio but also (finally) recognized the principle of Indian sovereignty. But this, of course, was after the AOC was replaced by the Constitution… *The Constitutional Convention Meets* - So what spurred the change from the AOC to the Constitution? One element was that Americans in trade, finance, and foreign affairs soon realized the AOC was crap b/c Congress couldn’t levy taxes, establish a uniform commercial policy, or enforce treaties. Also, the economy, partially b/c of the AOC, fell into a depression after the end of the war (restrictions on exporting to Br./Fr./Sp. colonies). - Recognizing the economic issues, representatives of Virginia and Maryland met independently at Mt. Vernon in March 1785 to discuss an agreement over trade on the Potomac. It was a success, which led to a call for a general meeting of the states in Annapolis in September 1786 to discuss trade policies. Only 5 delegations ended up coming, but they issued a call for another convention in Philadelphia. - The other states didn’t respond until Shays’ Rebellion gave them a wake-up call. In January 27, 1787 Shays led a set of angry western farmers against a federal 56 armory in Springfield. They declared the gov...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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