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was therefore powerless to stop slavery’s spread there
[Fifth Amendment right to take property anywhere] – this
was the state sovereignty position.
*The Election of 1848*
- Of course, the whole territories-slavery deal was the big
issue of the Presidential Election of 1848, e/t both
sides tried very hard to keep the issue away.
- The Democrats ran Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan
and General William Butler of Kentucky [Polk said that
once was enough]. Cass had come up w/the idea of
popular sovereignty for the territories, but the party
platform still held that Congress couldn’t interfere
- The Whigs nominated General Zachary Taylor, a
Southern slaveowner and war hero, and Congressman
Millard Fillmore of NY – and they likewise claimed that
Congress couldn’t do anything.
- The issue just wouldn’t disappear, though, and a new
party even formed b/c of Northern concern over slavery.
109 The Free-Soil Party [“Free Soil, Free Speech, Free
Labor, Free Men”], which formed from former Liberty
Party supporters and antislavery Whigs, nominated Van
Buren as its candidate and got 10% votes.
- The election, which Taylor won [as some Southern
Democrats voted for him e/t he was a Whig], showed that
politics was, more than ever, splitting along sectional
[instead of party and religious] lines.
*The Compromise of 1850*
- The first big problem was about California, which had
been populated in 1849 as a result of the Gold Rush, and
was applying for statehood with a free state constitution
[since Congress couldn’t decide what to do, Taylor had
told CA to apply for admission directly].
- Southerners, however, wouldn’t accept CA as a free
state b/c it would upset the delicate balance between free
and slave states – so they tried to make CA a slave state
or at least extend the Missouri line.
- Sensing another compromise was necessary, Henry
Clay [veteran of the 1820 and 1833 deals] stepped back
up and, with the help of Stephen A. Douglas, came up
with the Compromise of 1850....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10