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needed for nat’l security, and gave the NWLB the
authority to settle disputes for the duration of the
Growth of the Federal Gov’t – The gov’t increased
both its size and power during the war, esp. the
executive branch, which now also had to manage
the labor supply and control inflation.
Japanese Internment – Also as a result of the
war, thousands of Japanese citizens were
“relocated” to internment camps.
Opportunities for African Americans – Although
blacks were able to find jobs in the military and in
cities (Executive Order No. 8802 outlawed
discrimination in defense industries), they still
faced major problems and race riots in the cities
(1943). Membership in civil rights organizations
increased as a result.
Opportunities for Women – In addition to being
more involved in the actual army/navy action,
women took new war production jobs.
225 - So there you have it. No more outlining of the book for
me tonight, sorry. This will have to be a short one.
Postwar America (1945 – 1961)
*Truman’s First Term: Domestic Policies*
- Truman had become President after FDR’s death, and
was subsequently the one who had to face the possible
economic consequences of demobilization – as war
contracts were cancelled and price controls removed,
cutbacks in production led to layoffs and inflation.
- Truman responded by decided to combat
unemployment through expansion on the New Deal
programs like unemployment compensation, minimum
wage, farm supports, public works, and so on. He also
brought back the idea of FDR’s Economic Bill of Rights
(everyone deserves a job).
- It turned out, though, that while there was temporary
high unemployment the economy remained stable and
even boomed! Why? People had saved up during the
war, and easy credit promoted buying. The only big
problem was inflation, spurred by shortages of goods and
- However, inflation soon led to a decline in real
income (purchasing power), so workers became
discontented b/c they felt they weren’t sharing in the
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10