so truman started off again all confident and

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Unformatted text preview: strikes if needed for nat’l security, and gave the NWLB the authority to settle disputes for the duration of the war. Growth of the Federal Gov’t – The gov’t increased both its size and power during the war, esp. the executive branch, which now also had to manage the labor supply and control inflation. Japanese Internment – Also as a result of the war, thousands of Japanese citizens were “relocated” to internment camps. Opportunities for African Americans – Although blacks were able to find jobs in the military and in cities (Executive Order No. 8802 outlawed discrimination in defense industries), they still faced major problems and race riots in the cities (1943). Membership in civil rights organizations increased as a result. Opportunities for Women – In addition to being more involved in the actual army/navy action, women took new war production jobs. 225 - So there you have it. No more outlining of the book for me tonight, sorry. This will have to be a short one. Postwar America (1945 – 1961) *Truman’s First Term: Domestic Policies* - Truman had become President after FDR’s death, and was subsequently the one who had to face the possible economic consequences of demobilization – as war contracts were cancelled and price controls removed, cutbacks in production led to layoffs and inflation. - Truman responded by decided to combat unemployment through expansion on the New Deal programs like unemployment compensation, minimum wage, farm supports, public works, and so on. He also brought back the idea of FDR’s Economic Bill of Rights (everyone deserves a job). - It turned out, though, that while there was temporary high unemployment the economy remained stable and even boomed! Why? People had saved up during the war, and easy credit promoted buying. The only big problem was inflation, spurred by shortages of goods and housing. - However, inflation soon led to a decline in real income (purchasing power), so workers became discontented b/c they felt they weren’t sharing in the widespre...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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