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Unformatted text preview: ed by rebellious
settlers under Captain John C. Frémont], General
Zachary Taylor secured northeastern Mexico and
General Winfield Scott went all the way to Mexico City
and captured it.
- The result was the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
(signed in February 1848) which got the US California,
New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Arizona and the RG Texas
border and got Mexico a very pathetic reparations
payment of $15 million.
- As far as Oregon went, though, Polk had to throw out
his campaign slogan and instead diplomatically [he didn’t
want to be fighting two wars at once] pressure the British
for a split along the 49th parallel, which was agreed to in
*Reactions to Territorial Gain*
- Not everyone was obsessed w/gaining territory from
Mexico – in fact, New Englanders, abolitionists and a few
antislavery Whigs saw the whole deal as a plot to extend
slavery, which didn’t go over too well.
- This was part of the whole Northern fear of a “Slave
Power Conspiracy” – i.e. that a slave-holding Southern
oligarchy was taking over all political and economic
power in the nation. So, not surprisingly, the Northerners
weren’t so hot on gaining territory if it was going to be
- In the South overall opinion was pretty much in favor
[although ultra-racists like Calhoun worried that taking
too much Mexican land might bring too many Mexicans
into the US, which they saw as bad].
108 - Slavery’s overriding importance in the Mexican war
issue was confirmed in August 1846 w/the Wilmot
Proviso – a proposed amendment that made slavery
illegal in any territories taken from Mexico. Wilmot wasn’t
really an abolitionist – it was more self-interest b/c her
worried the spread of slavery would hurt labor by free
whites and deny them their rights to work [also anti-Slave
- The Wilmot Proviso majorly untied the South in support
of the Mexican war, even more than at the beginning.
Calhoun led their new position, which was that the
territories belonged to all the states and th...
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- Fall '10