the fragility of the stamp act victory was exposed

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Unformatted text preview: e Act. But the main reason for its repeal was the appointment of Lord Rockingham as prime minister instead of Grenville. - Rockingham felt the law was a bad idea, but he still believed Parliament had the rights to tax the colonies and consequently passed the Declaratory Act [we can tax you if we want to], which was pretty much ignored in the midst of the celebrations of the Stamp Act’s repeal. - The fragility of the Stamp Act victory was exposed by another change in the ministry. When William Pitt got sick, Charles Townshend became the dominant force and decided to impose some more taxes. 36 - The Townshend Acts (1767) were on trade goods [paper, glass, tea, etc.] but were different from the Navigation acts b/c they (1) applied to items imported from Britain and (2) were designed to raise money to pay for the salaries of royal officials [this is no good… remember, the power of the purse]. - Additionally, the acts established an American Board of Customs Commissioners and vice-admiralty courts at several colonial cities. *Colonial Response to the Townshend Acts* - This time there was no hesitation. Many essays were written, but John Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania best expressed colonial sentiments – Parliament could regulate colonial trade but not use that power to raise revenue. - The Massachusetts Assembly called for unity in the face of the Acts and circulated a joint petition of protest, which the ministry ordered them to recall, giving the other assemblies the incentive to join forces against it. Recall was rejected, and the governor dissolved the assembly. - Another important aspect of colonial resistance was the second non-importation movement, which was led by the Daughters of Liberty, who encouraged home spinning bees, etc. Although the boycotts were not complete [some merchants, who were now in the midst of a boom, broke the agreements] they still had a significant effect, and in April 1770 the Townshend duties were repealed except for the tea tax. - Even though the rest of the Townshend Acts [just not the taxes...
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