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Unformatted text preview: e Act. But the
main reason for its repeal was the appointment of Lord
Rockingham as prime minister instead of Grenville.
- Rockingham felt the law was a bad idea, but he still
believed Parliament had the rights to tax the colonies and
consequently passed the Declaratory Act [we can tax
you if we want to], which was pretty much ignored in the
midst of the celebrations of the Stamp Act’s repeal.
- The fragility of the Stamp Act victory was exposed by
another change in the ministry. When William Pitt got
sick, Charles Townshend became the dominant force
and decided to impose some more taxes.
36 - The Townshend Acts (1767) were on trade goods
[paper, glass, tea, etc.] but were different from the
Navigation acts b/c they (1) applied to items imported
from Britain and (2) were designed to raise money to pay
for the salaries of royal officials [this is no good…
remember, the power of the purse].
- Additionally, the acts established an American Board
of Customs Commissioners and vice-admiralty courts
at several colonial cities.
*Colonial Response to the Townshend Acts*
- This time there was no hesitation. Many essays were
written, but John Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer in
Pennsylvania best expressed colonial sentiments –
Parliament could regulate colonial trade but not use that
power to raise revenue.
- The Massachusetts Assembly called for unity in the
face of the Acts and circulated a joint petition of protest,
which the ministry ordered them to recall, giving the other
assemblies the incentive to join forces against it. Recall
was rejected, and the governor dissolved the assembly.
- Another important aspect of colonial resistance was the
second non-importation movement, which was led by
the Daughters of Liberty, who encouraged home
spinning bees, etc. Although the boycotts were not
complete [some merchants, who were now in the midst
of a boom, broke the agreements] they still had a
significant effect, and in April 1770 the Townshend
duties were repealed except for the tea tax.
- Even though the rest of the Townshend Acts [just not
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- Fall '10