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E. Lee, “Stonewall” Jackson, JEB Stuart, etc. To win, they only had to keep the North out –
keep up resistance – like Washington in RW.
- However… They had a smaller everything: smaller
population, smaller army, smaller navy, smaller
economy, practically NO industrialization to speak
of, and fewer resources. They had a developing central government and a
big time aversion to gov’t power. Class problems emerging (in North too, but more
in South) i.e. yeoman farmers vs. planters.
- The Union had the Anaconda Plan from the very start,
which hoped to strangle the Confederacy through a
blockade and cut it in half by taking the Mississippi. Winfield Scott
- The Confederacy only wanted to hang on and keep the
Union from gaining control. To do this, they had the
foreign policy goal of gaining foreign recognition (esp.
Britain). To try to coax the British into supporting them,
the South put an embargo on cotton production, but this
didn’t work as the British got cotton from other sources.
- In response, the North was very careful in trying to
maintain good relations w/Britain. There were only two
instances where this was threatened – the Trent affair in
1861 [US boards British steamer, takes off 2 Confederate
119 ambassadors, imprisons and then releases them] and
the Alabama issue [Britain selling warships to
Confederacy, ambassador protested, Britain stopped].
- The one area both sides didn’t pay attention to initially
was the West. Guerrilla warfare broke out there in 1861,
and locations along the rivers in the West would
eventually be keys to the North’s victory. Beyond the
Mississippi, the Confederacy allied itself w/some Indian
*The War Begins*
- On December 20, 1860 South Carolina passed a
secession ordinance, hoping that other states would
follow, which they did [Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
Georgia, Louisiana and Texas all split by February 1861,
when the Confederate States of America was formed in
- Then on April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter Confederat...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10